In La Pampa, the Secretariat of Cooperatives, an agency of
the Ministry of Production, is the Local Competent Organization,
which concurrently with the National Organization that registers,
promotes and regulates domestic cooperative entities concurrently
with the National Organization (INACYM). Through the Bureau
of Cooperatives, the Secretariat develops a series of programs
support, consolidate and strengthen the cooperative action,
due to the important role the cooperatives play in the settlement
of social, economic and cultural issues.
There are 119 registered cooperatives, with 125,000 members
and 1,200 employees. In the last year the cooperatives collected
approximately $90,000,000 for services like electricity, drinking
water, communications, labor, commercialization of agricultural
products, and social services like nursing, burials, niches,
etc. This amount meant an estimated deployment of 310,000,000
kilowatt hours and 5,800,000 cubic square feet of water; 23,000
ambulatory services rendered; 1,400 burials; the industrialization
of 17,000,000 liters of milk; the commercialization of 10,000
tons of honey, 200,000 tons of cereal, 50,000 cattle heads,
and 3,500,000 liters of fuel; 4,000 insurance policies, etc.
Within the action taken, there were different programs launched
some years ago, which are renewed every season and new initiatives
are added according to the sectors needs:
Financial Aid. The Bureau of Cooperatives offers a
Program called Asistencia Crediticia a Entidades Solidarias
(Financial Aid to Cooperative Organizations), to leverage
the production capacity of all cooperatives in La Pampa, with
the aim to initiate, reactivate and develop the undertakings
producing goods or rendering services.
There are also special credit lines agreed upon with the Banco
de La Pampa (Bank of La Pampa) at rates subsidized by the
provincial Government, for public utilities cooperatives,
which are engaged in the installation of natural gas indoor
connections and the rural electrification. Through these credit
lines, the pampean Cooperatives could take loans for $1,400,000
to install natural gas indoor connections and $ 1,250,000
for rural electrification. Other going credit lines are:
- Credit for Productive Microbusiness, by an Agreement
signed between La Pampa Province and the Federal Investment
- Credits for Small and Medium-sized Business,
by and Agreement signed between La Pampa Government, the Federal
Investment Board, and Banco de La Pampa.
Support Program for Productive Projects. Pursuant to
Executive Order Nº 947/97, La Pampas Government
offers this program to purchase capital goods and/or to use
the money as working assets.
Training. The Bureau of Cooperatives has also started
a program specially intended for the training of the pampean
Participation in Exhibitions. The Undersecretariat
of Cooperatives together with the Bureau of Cooperatives and
9 pampean cooperatives participated in Solidaria 97
and 98", I and II Exposición de Cooperativas
y Mutuales, MERCOSUR - Argentina. This year they will
also participate in Expo Solidaria 2000. Besides,
during the last years they have participated in the Stand
of the Ministry of Production, in the agricultural and industrial
exhibitions held in the province and the Expo Apícola
in Doblas. In Internet: www.lapampa.gov.ar
La Pampa Province with an extention of 143.500 km.2, being
in the most part an arid and semiarid climate zone, has a
remarcable lack of permanent surface hydric resources, except
on its south limit where the Colorado river flows. The potable
water supply to the Province communities (about 300.000 inhabitants
) and the one used for other matters is obtained today from
underground waters by means of pumps batteries yielding a
relative low flow, often showing harmful ions excess such
as fluorine and arsenic over the accepted limits for human
consumption, and even excess of total salts . On the other
hand, some communities with good quality phreatic waters have
a limited water yield.
The complexity of the acquifer formations make the rational
explotation of the underground resources extremely difficult,
producing in many cases their salinization and in consequence
the abandon of the perforations under explotion. Due to this
situation the La Pampa Goverment has decided to definitely
solve the potable water problem by the construction of an
aqueduct system of about 1190 kms fed by the Colorado river
waters, unique available surface water source,shared with
other provinces,eradicating in this way all hydric diseases
produced by the non-potable underground water consumption
This aqueduct's net will allow the furnishing of potable water
to populations, to cattle raising zones, to industries with
wet processes and the irrigation of intensive growing species.
Halfway 1996 the La Pampa Govemment created thedblquote Comisión
Técnica A cueducto del Rio Coloradodblquote ( COTARC
) that stands fordblquote Colorado River aqueductquote s technical
commission dblquote depending of the dblquote Ministerio de
Obras y Servicios Públicos dblquote . This new organism
that took care of the whole project, managed to get the preliminary
studies, bidding documents, proposals analysis and the awarding
of the contract in a very short schedule. The works are today
The preliminary studies and designs were developed by the
Project quote s Director and a staff of independent consultants
hired for that specific task by the Province Govemment. The
preliminary designs included the analysis of future water
demand for differents uses ( ) in a wide period of 35 years
between 2002 and 2037. Projection for those years demand were
made to define the water volume to be supplied.
Two big altematives were analysed during this stage of preliminary
designs : one using underground sources from hreatics water
tables properly treated by inverse osmosis systems and the
other one by diverting waters from the Colorado River in the
south border line of the Province. From the economical analysis
of the two basic alternatives, came out to be the most convenient
to supply with the waters of the before mentioned net of aqueducts.
Thirteen differents altematives of aqueducts were analysed
with different positions of the intakes along the Colorado
River and the planimetrics situation of the pipes. The altemative
called 3-E with the intake in the Pichi Mahuida zone was finally
selected and is under construction. The works were priced,on
a free tax basis,in about u$s183.000.000. The Federal Act
N quote 24.805 issued for this project eliminated direct taxing
of the wors. The contract actual price is 138.227.049, 82.
In order to get this waterwork financiated the La Pampa Governor,
Dr. Rubén Hugo Marín, promoted and obtained
an non - refundable loan from the Nation's Government with
a value of 180.000.000 U$S, delivered in ten anual payements
of 18.000.000 U$S each, starting in the year of 1998, all
which has been properly legalized in the agreements.
Civilian Engineer Carlos Oppezzo Project's Director - www.cotarc.com.ar
Shield and Flag
The Official Shield of La Pampa Province is the symbol of
individuality in the group of the Argentine federal provinces.
The upper pane is blue and the lower one, green. The blue
color means justice, perseverance, and loyalty, whereas the
green stands for hope, hospitality, and courtesy. The rising
sun represents the dawn of a new province that becomes a member
of the extended Argentine family. The pampean lances, crossed
behind the shield, recall the warlike spirit of the aborigine
and the weapons with which he defended his territory. The
wheat spikes, which surrounds the shield, speak about the
fertility of the pampean lands; the caldén, our autochthonous
tree, reminds us the vastness of plains, sparkled by fierce
wilds and solitary bushes. The silhouette of the aborigine
is a homage to the aboriginal race that lived in these lands
and whose movement allowed the occupation, settlement, and
incorporation of this region to the geographical, political,
and economic community of the Argentine Republic. The blue
and white ribbon that gathers the spikes, reminds us that
we are part of the Argentine Nation, with the rights and duties
that the federal system respectively entitles to and demands
from the provinces.
Pursuant to Provincial Law 1513, enacted on November 18,
1993, the Chamber of Representatives of La Pampa Province
approved the creation of the Flag of La Pampa Province. This
flag is identical to the national one, with two horizontal
light blue stripes and a white one in the middle, which holds
the provincial shield.
and Foreign Trade
Overview: along the time, La Pampa Province
still maintains the same foreign trade structure, mainly based
on the export of commodities of low added value, basically
grains (wheat, maize, and sorghum), oil-seeds (sunflower)
and agroindustrial products like meat, oil, and wheat flour,
In general, this kind of exports maintain the same trend showed
at national levels, and are directly affected by the different
factors international markets are subject to: prices, climate
conditions, and the contribution of technology to production.
Within this context, pampean exports decreased during 1999
12 % with respect to 1998, amounting to $ 163.7 millions in
99, as compared to the $ 186 millions of 98. This
slump has its counterpart in national exports, where the downturn
reached 12 %; this is $ 26,441 millions in 1998 and $ 23,318
millions in 1999.
Ratios by export lines: among the most important
exportable lines, we should mention a sharp increase of 44
% in Honey production and a decrease of 8 % in grains and
oil-seeds, agricultural products (20 %), industrial products
(9 %) and Meat (50%).
Note: the last item (Meat) shows a sharp slump in the export
figures of 1999 with respect to 1998, which can be explained
by the new methodology to record bovine exports, an amount
calculated according to on-the-hoof cattle that exited the
province with an export certificate. As from 1999, this data
will be part of an informative exhibit to stress the importance
of La Pampa province as a supplier of for-export beef.
Export distribution: the most important pampean
sector of foreign trade during 1999 was still the primary
and agroindustrial production, whose relative sharing in the
total amounts to 93 %. In this sector we can mention Grains
and Oil-seeds, 67 %; Beef and hare meat, 8%; Honey, 10 %;
and Oil, 7 %.
Oil exports: during the last ten years, there
was some decrease in the volumes extracted of crude oil allocated
to foreign markets. Although we had two years in a row with
decreases, crude oil maintains a relatively important position
within the pampean foreign trade, since with $ 12.2 millions
for 1999, it had a percentage sharing of 7 % over the export
Meat exports: meat processing plants of La
Pampa Province are in a retrofitting stage, streamlining them
to serve foreign markets standards, as there is a great
likelihood of sustained development.
At present, there is only one plant carrying out exports of
beef. The plant is authorized to export almost worldwide,
as it is well known for selling to demanding markets like
Europe, USA, and the ones located in the southwest of Asia.
Export are made on the basis of a quota to conduct exports
of Hilton cuts. Hare meat is already a traditional product
in the provincial exports. There is only one company shipping
almost its total production to the European Union.
Indirect exports: almost the total production
of honey is indirectly traded with foreign countries. Figures
are estimated in terms of the annual production of honey,
the export market values, and piggyback exports.
La Pampa Province - Direct exports for 1999 by company:
- Alpargatas Calzados S.A.: $ 585,700 in sport shoe, to Uruguay,
Bolivia, and Brazil.
- Ascheri & Cía. S.A.C.I.A.: $ 3,100 in cylinders
and spare parts, manual pumps, floating valves, and pumps,
- Carnes Pampeanas: $ 12,000,000 in cooled beef, to European
Union, Chile, USA, Brazil, Canada, Venezuela, and Switzerland.
- Compañía Industrial Progreso S.A.: $ 19,375
in special salts, to Uruguay.
- Trigalia S.A.: 000 flour, to Bolivia and Brazil.
- Vizental & Cía. S.A.C.I.A.: $ 1,852,932 in hares,
to Italy and Germany.
- Oil for $ 12,200,000 in crude oil to different destinations.
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