Women in La Pampa
The Provincial Womens Council was created in 1992 and
reported to Ministry of Welfare. In 1995, after the Law of
Ministries was enacted, it reported directly to governor Rubén
Hugo Marín. This commitment of the Provincial State
is today a Constitutional mandate, since the Council is responsible
for the observance of the convention on the elimination of
any kind of Discrimination against Women (Law 23179). Likewise,
it is related to the design, planning, and promotion of government
policies like the incorporation of women in different positions,
which is rendered in a joint work for the construction of
a new constitutional model, by generating, consolidating,
and protecting the equitable and supportive relationship between
men and women, thus deepening the democratization process.
By the creation of Municipal Womens Areas, the Council
of La Pampa covers, more than 92% of the province territory.
Therefore, any woman in La Pampa can know her rights and has
the opportunity to work for the main goals: womens progress
Besides, the Council is the Focus Point of the Patagonic Region,
and it has promoted the creation of Womens Councils
through regional meetings held in other patagonic provinces.
La Pampa is
The Summit Meeting of Patagonian Governors,
held on June 25 and 26 of 1996, had the following attendance:
José Arturo Estabillo, for Tierra del Fuego,
Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur; Néstor
Carlos Kirchner, for Santa Cruz; Carlos Maestro, for
Chubut; Pablo Verani, for Río Negro; vicegovernor
Ricardo Corrado, for Neuquén; and Rubén
Hugo Marín for La Pampa.
During the meeting, the six representatives of the provinces
executed the Foundational Treaty of the Patagonian Region,
in which they agreed to create the Patagonian Region
by signing the document.
In its sections, the Treaty sets forth that the region
"shall have as a general aim to promote human development
and socioeconomic progress by strengthening the provincial
THE COLORADO RIVERS BANK,
A RIVER OF PROGRESS IN FULL DEVELOPMENT
The Colorado Rivers Valleys and Plains. As regards geomorphology,
the pampean bank is included in the upper and medium course
of the Colorado River. In the upper course -from the confluence
of the Grande and Barrancas rivers, up to Paso de los Huelches-
wide valley areas (like El Sauzal and Colonia Chica) alternate
with areas of patagonic plateaus (Planicie 25 de Mayo, Casa
de Piedra), where the river flows narrowed between the thatched
walls. In the medium course -from Paso de los Huelches, near
to the mouth of the Curacó River, up to the V Meridian,
the border between La Pampa and Buenos Aires- valleys predominate
and the river progressively adopts the features present in
the plain area.
The bank is longer than 500 km and has wide valleys and open
plain areas that can be irrigated. It also presents some isolated
places like Gobernador Ayala, La Japonesa, and dispersed points
between this point ant the Curacó Rivers mouth,
apart from the marginal valleys in the last track of the provincial
Productive aspects. The productive aspects of the river and
its surrounding areas are very important, and in general people
only know activities like the cultivation of fruit trees or
fodder plants and mining. It should be mentioned that beside
the rive coexist two main kinds of cattle breeding: goats
and beef cattle. The pampean margin, from the area the river
enters the pampean territory in the X Meridian and exits it
in the V Meridian, has an important cattle production, which
is the sustenance of many families. The goats are breeded
by ranch hands that occupy the river bank bordering Mendoza
Province up to Gobernador Duval approximately. The main breeds
are Criollo and in some cases the Angora goats. Beef cattle
is located along the bank, but its concentration increases
in the lower course of the river, where the agroecological
conditions are better. As regards beef cattle, the main breeds
derive from Britain blood, and the main specimens are Aberdeen
Angus and its crosses. In a lesser degree, but equally important,
horses make a good contribution to the producers economy.
There are other minor activities related to the irrigation
areas: diaries, rabbit and bee keeping, poultry breeding and
pig crop. There are two farms engaged in the pig crop that
should be mentioned, one is located in 25 de Mayo, which has
included important genetic works and the other is La Adela,
which probably is the largest in La Pampa, with about 1,000
Along the whole river bank, the vegetal production, out of
the irrigation area, is mainly natural grass, except for the
Caleu-Caleu, where the countries grow green in winter and
sometimes producers cultivate double-purpose wheat. At present
the irrigated area of the 25 de Mayo comprise:
El Sauzal Farming system. The Colorado River Multiple
Development Program assigned to El Sauzal Farming
system 4,000 hectares in the valley, 3.761 of which are irrigated.
Over 98 % of the plots utilized for the cultivation of fruit
trees and planted forests are systematically arranged in this
area. In the last farming cycle 2,695 hectares were cultivated.
The plots are approximately 20 hectares; however, there are
sectors up to 5 hectares and forestal units with fodder crops
that take the largest parcels.
The productive structure comprises mainly fruit trees and
in a lesser degree vegetables. As regards fruits, the apple
tree is the most known specie, which is basically represented
by the Red Delicious variety, mainly through clones like Atwood
(Chañar 34) and Angius (Chañar 28). In a lesser
proportion there are also varieties like Red Kin Oregon and
Starkrimson (dardíferas). The Granny Smith variety
is utilized as a pollination purposes. Pears participate in
a minor proportion almost exclusively with the Williams
and Packmans varieties. Stone fruits participated in
the early productive activities of the El Sauzal,
but as they were frequently affected by late frosts, the cultivation
decreased sharply. At present, the most cultivated specie
is plum (President and DAgen varieties), which is in
most part dried and the rest is sold fresh.
90 % of the fruit is traded by the companies located in the
Upper Valley of the Negro River and Neuquén. This applies
to the first production, which is sold fresh. These companies
also commercialize the industrial fruit, which is 100 % utilized
to prepare natural juices (concentrated juice, mainly).
As regards cold preservation, there are cold packaging warehouses
-one pertains to the private sector an the other is public-
in which the fruit is processed and stored to be later traded
in domestic markets and, depending on the circumstances, in
international markets. Besides, two private packaging plants
are established in the area.
Vine cultivation is resurging due to the improving conditions
in the wine market, which has been oriented to fine varieties
that perfectly adapt to our agroecological conditions. Vine
has its apogee in the 80s with varieties like Merlot,
Malbec, Tocai Friulano, Semillón, and in a lesser degree
Sauvignon; 270 hectares were cultivated by that time. As regards
vegetables, tomato is the main crop. In the same decade this
activity was very important due to the presence of the processing
plant that belonged to Canale, which took up domestic
production. The last productive cycle was in 1993-94, when
the plant closed down like it did the parent company. Other
minor crops of the area are: pimiento, egg plant, pumpkin,
watermelon, melon, and sweet corn in small plots. It should
be mentioned that onion has been successfully cultivated in
plots that are larger than the usual ones.
Vegetables are also alternatively cultivated in hothouses
with excellent results.
The logging (salicaceous) area comprise 300 hectares, of which
200 hectares represent the tree stand cultivated area and
the other 100 hectares is arranged like curtains or trenches.
There are three sawmills engaged in the primary industrialization
(stripes) of wood in the location. Most of the production
is processed in the Upper Valley and Mendoza.
25 de Mayo Land Multidevelopment System - Section I. This
plain area, which has started operations later than El Sauzal,
has replotted more than 60 % of its surface (4,689.9 net irrigable
hectares). In the last cycle, 2,804 hectares were cultivated.
The productive units vary between 150 and 500 hectares.
This area is basically engaged in the production of fodder
plants, which are mostly used to manufacture bales, pellets,
alfalfa flour and certified alfalfa seed. Grain and oil-seed
crops have obtained acceptable yields. Tomato cultivation
fluctuates and depends on the placement possibilities of the
25 de Mayo Land Multidevelopment System - Section V. This
section in the Valley, more than 6,000 hectares of irrigable
land, comprise three sectors called: Sector I Los Ingleses;
Sector II Ex Isla, which is divided into the North
and the South areas; and Sector III Ampliación
or Sector Noreste.
At present the surface under irrigation comprises Sector I
and II -North area- and took up 1,598 hectares in the last
productive cycle. The main activity is represented by the
forestal plants (salicaceous), and take up a tree stand cultivated
area of 270 hectares. Bolts are unwound for the production
of plywood and stripes. Grain corn, alfalfa hay for pellet,
tomato, and onion follow in the production gamut according
to their importance. In the last seasons sunflower was cultivated.
A new undertaking is being developed: diary, pasteurization
and sachet packing plant.
The production of this section is traded as follows:
Pelletized hey: it is exported to Brazil and domestically
traded for blended food mainly. Alfalfa seed: it is
mainly traded in the dairy area of Buenos Aires, La Pampa
and Córdoba. Grain corn: its commercial destination
is mainly located in the south of the Colorado River
Industrial Tomato: it is traded through brokers, industries
located out of the area (basically in Mendoza Province).
Milky production and other vegetables: they are traded in
Meat Processing Plant located in La Adela. A meat processing
plant, which belongs to Pilotti S.A. is located
in this last town of our pampean bank. The daily slaughter
amounts to 160 bovines. Beef cuts are traded in vacuum packaging.
This company commercializes its production all over the Patagonia.
Mining production. Different minerals deposits are found in
the region. There are sodic bentonite, diatomite, and gypsum.
Furthermore, La Pampa has an important production of natural
gas and oil.
Bentonite, diatomite and gypsum. The sodic bentonite deposit,
located in Colonia Chica, has 17 mines with an estimated reserve
of 1,000,000 tons for different applications: oil, smelting,
waterproofing substances, wine production, pelletization,
paints, blended foods, decolorants, sealers, conditioners,
cosmetology, raincoat industry, etc. The diatomite deposit,
located in Casa de Piedra, has three mines and a reserve of
500,000 tons. This mineral is mainly used for filtering lands.
The gypsum deposit, located in Colonia Chica, has an estimated
reserve of 500,000 tons. This mineral is mainly used in construction
works, agriculture and handicrafts. The deposits belong to
Minero José Cholino e Hijos and Minerales La Pampa
S.R.L.. Both companies have two mills, one located in the
Industrial Park of 25 de Mayo, and the other in the quarry
of Colonia Chica. Other minerals worked in the quarry are:
sand, basalt, calcareous minerals and rubble.
Natural Gas production. In Colonia Chica, Petroquímica
Comodoro Rivadavia has a plant for processing and compressing
natural gas, which allows to deliver the product in marketable
conditions to Transportadora Gas del Sur, and
through the latter to the National Distribution System. The
plants monthly production is 20,000,000 m3. It should
be mentioned that 85 % of the natural gas that the Sweetening
plant located in Río Negro Province processes, which
belongs to Gas Medanito S.A., comes from deposits
located in La Pampa Province.
Oil production. The province has three oil fields: 25
de Mayo Medanito, Medanito and Jagüel
de los Machos. They have 380 wells and an average monthly
production of 38,000 m3.
The production is processed in our Province, in the treatment
plant of Petroquímica Comodoro Rivadavia
and is transported to the main oil pipeline system. (Puerto
Rosales - Bahía Blanca).
and production map (click here)
Related Link: "Cities: 25 de Mayo"
Cruce del Desierto Resort
and Service Center.
This complex comprises a gas station and a service center,
a three-star hotel, a well established restaurant and it is
becoming a recreational resort and a sports complex. The premises
are located in a privileged place, the intersection of the
National Highway Nº 151 and Provincial Highway 20, near
the prodigious Colorado River, where an impressive view point
looks out on to the river area, which simulates a delta. There,
the restless spirit of the Lorca family, headed by Rufino
Lorca -the visionary man, who more than 30 years ago came
from Mendoza and settled in the area definitely- has forested
the 120 hectares, where there will be a regulation horse racetrack
of 2,500 meters, a car racetrack of 3,000 meters made of flattened
soil, and a karting track. All of this will be strategically
complemented with grills, a camping area, rest rooms, etc.
The hotel -which is well-known all over the country- offers
the tourist or traveler all he or she needs for a good rest
or meal, and suggests at the same time touring the area to
appreciate its beautiness, and promotes the south region of
La Pampa Province, mainly the Colorado river bank, a
river of progress.
For over six years, the Fundación Barrera Zoofitosanitaria
Patagónica (FUNBAPA) (Foundation for the Patagonic
Sanitary and Phytosanitary -SPS- Barrier) has conducted inspections
and carried out programs to make the Patagonia an area free
of plagues and diseases. The aim is to control the products
of this region and allow them to enter into a wider international
In 1992, the scourge of foot-and-mouth disease urged farm
operators in the region to improve sanitary conditions, and
thus the penetration into national and international markets.
In that year, the Comité Regional de Barrera Patagónica
(CORBAPA) (Regional Committee for the Patagonic Barrier) decided
to create the FUNBAPA to execute and manage the Programa Zoosanitario
de los ríos Barrancas y Colorado (Sanitary Program
for the Barrancas and Colorado rivers).
The first goal to achieve was to eradicate the foot-and-mouth
disease from the southern region of the country, which required
a great joint effort between the private and the public sector.
Diverse sectors of private producers joined the organizations
that CORBAPA comprises the government of the following
provinces: Río Negro, Mendoza, La Pampa, Buenos Aires,
Chubut, Santa Cruz and Tierra del Fuego; the Servicio Nacional
de Sanidad y Calidad Animal (SENASA) (National Service for
Animal Health and Quality), and the Instituto Agroalimentario
de Sanidad y Calidad Vegetal (IASCAV) (Food and Agricultural
Institute for Plant Health and Quality).
As a result of the success attained, the program was continued
through public and private organizations. The FUNBAPA then
implemented a system based on the signature of agreements
between municipal and provincial governments, national and
international organizations, producer associations and other
During these six yeas, FUNBAPA has generated new niches and
programs to perform its function as well as possible. The
permanent action program comprises thirty barrier control
posts in the highways and airports of eight provinces, which
operate 24 hours a day, all year long.
It was created the Plant Health Commission, which comprises
the Federación de Productores de Frutas de las provincias
de Río Negro y Neuquén (Río Negro and
Neuquén provinces Federation of Fruit Producers),
the Cámara de Fruticultores Integrados (CAFI) (Chamber
of Integrated Fruit Producers), and the Servicio Nacional
de Sanidad y Calidad Agroalimentaria (National Service for
the Food and Agricultural Health and Quality) (the merge of
SENASA with IASCAV). This Commission carries out programs
for the Control and Eradication of the Fruit Fly (PROCEM)
and the Carpocapsa (codling moth) Control, both vital for
the best commercialization of the production coming from the
irrigated patagonic valleys.
PROCEM managed to declare the Andean Area free from the plague,
ensuring the access of products to American and Asian markets.
In turn, the Carpocapsa Control Program works to eradicate
scrublands at sanitary risk, and by training the producers,
it aims to reduce the quantity of agrochemicals utilized in
the production process, thus obtaining a more natural product.
Besides, FUNBAPA works together with the Animal Health Commission,
which comprises the Federación de Sociedades Rurales
de Río Negro (Federation of rural Associations of the
Negro River), Asociaciones Ganaderas (Farmers Associations),
the SENASA, and provincial governments. This Commission is
in charge of the Laboratorio Patagónico de Diagnóstico
Agroalimentario (Patagonic Laboratory for Food and Agricultural
Diagnosis), where different diseases relative to production
Another member of the Foundation is the Horticultural Commission,
which comprises the producers and packers of Patagones and
Villarino (Buenos Aires), Río Negro Province, and the
respective provincial and municipal governments. The horticultural
sector issues the certificates of origin for onions, whose
export has been opened to Brazil and regional ports.
The first achievement of FUNBAPA was to declare the Andean
Area free of fruit fly. Subsequent efforts promote the primary
production, thus turning this organization in one useful tool
for rural producers. The Foundations main goal is to
grow by generating a production that benefits the other organizations
through: deeper penetration of products in the market, higher
income, and thus the creation of new positions.
Since 1992, FUNBAPA has been committed to the productive development
of the country region, and day after day it renews its commitment,
by creating niches so that any interested party may make his
or her contribution or discover new horizons. For this reason,
the Foundation invites you to send your opinion to its e-mail
address: [email protected] or to call the telephone
number (02941) 45-2151. Further information is provided on
the Web site at:
Surface Water Resources
La Pampa Province has scarce surface water resources. They
are of paramount importance for man, and its lack constitutes
a main constraint for the socioeconomic development of the
territory. The two main river systems are interprovincial
and they are also the only drainage channels (Colorado and
Atuel-Salado-Chadileuvú rivers); La Pampa Province
does not have an autochthonous river system, except for some
The Colorado River is the most important permanent resource,
mainly fed by thaw.
The Salado-Chadileuvú River is undergoing a clear-cut
hydrological deterioration as the provinces located in the
region of its upper course have made use of its tributary
rivers, which caused a tremendous environmental deterioration
in the pampean land. The Atuel River has its sources in Mendoza
Province and its drainage system in La Pampa Province. But
since the construction of the Sistema Presas Los Nihuiles
(the Nihuiles Dam) in Mendoza, more than fifty years ago,
waters do no reach the pampean territory, except for occasional
extraordinary surpluses, which are impossible to use due to
To the west, in the Basaltic Plateau, there are approximately
fifty springs resulting from the water intake of the volcanic
rock that emerge in La Pampa.
There are numerous lagoons irregularly scattered in the territory,
most of them are located in the west area -where the majority
are of fresh water- and in the central area, but it should
be mentioned that the largest group is located in the south
and center of the province, and it is represented by the Puelches
lagoons. They are used for different purposes when there is
enough water, as they are also subject to the sporadic flows
of the Salado-Chadileuvú.
The largest isolated marshy body of La Pampa is the Gran
Salitral (large saltpeter deposit), located in the western
region of the province. The lagoons disserve special attention
due to their economic importance as many of them, which are
salt marshes, produce salt for consumption. Most of them are
situated in south of the province and some have become well
known as they are therapeutical resorts.
Subterranean Water Resources
The presence of subterranean water and the possibility of
its use is mainly subject to three natural factors: climate
(rains and temperature), Geology (lithology and tectonics),
and the Geomorphology. The existence of subterranean water
depends on the interrelation among these factors.
The most important water-bearing bodies are: Valle Argentino,
1,600 km2; Santa Rosa-Anguil-Catriló, 625 km2; Valle
de Chapalcó, 400 km2; General Pico-Dorila, 71 km2;
Meauco, 1,500 km2; Speluzzi, 69 km2; La Puma-Trilí,
100 km2. Others, 200 km2.
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