Parque Luro Reserve
Parque Luro Reserve snapshots>>
PARQUE LURO RESERVE - The only natural
reserve of caldén (var. of tree) (Prosopis algarrobilla)
in the world
It is located 35 km south of Santa Rosa, on National highway
Nº 35. It is a protected area of 7,600 hectares, plenty
of caldén forest (approx. 6,000 hectares). The name
of the Reserve refers to Pedro Olegario Luro, who in the first
decade of the 19th established San Huberto farm and built
the first organized game reserve of Argentina.
His marriage with Arminda Roca (Julio Argentino Rocas
niece) related him to one of the most illustrious families
of that time, because of the Rocas military activity
and public life. Apart from hunting, Luro conducted other
activities like cattle breeding, cultivation of fruits and
vegetables, and logging. The caldén wood was carried
to the railway station of Naicó by road, and then transported
by railway toward Bahía Blanca.
Luro was physician, businessman, farmer, and keen on literature
and arts. As regards his public life, he was a legislator
during several periods. He was a restless supporter of La
Pampa Province autonomy. The main fence of the Farm (today
called The Castle) was the meeting point of the
great crusade for the provincialization of the territory.
Dr. Luro dies in 1927, without seeing his undertaking finished.
In 1939, Antonio Maura buys the property in the middle of
a great worldwide crisis that affected our country. He exploited
the caldén wood, reconstructed the reserve, refurbished
the premises and stables to breed polo ponies and thoroughbred
horses. He projected to build a Country Club, similar to the
one he had constructed in Tortuguitas (Buenos Aires Province)
on the property of his wife, Sarah Escalante. Maura dies in
1964, and his daughter, Inés Maura Roviralta fulfills
his fathers will and sells the premises to La Pampa
Provinces government for the creation of a Provincial
Park, thus being it incorporated to the province patrimony.
Fauna Paradise: the wide green stripe that crosses the pampean
territory from north to south was named by the mapuche aborigines
Mamüll Mapú, which means Forestland, Woodland.
The caldén is the typical tree of La Pampa; it reaches
a height of 15 m. The reserve has several specimens which
are more than 100 years. There are other species like chañar,
sombra de toro (bull shadow), carobe trees, bushes,
herbs and grasses. Apart from the caldenes, there are other
natural environments. The lagoon or saltpeper deposit occupies
the valleys bottom and crosses it from east to west.
There you can find thickets, bushes and chañares. Going
northward, the sand bank shows the attractive the rolling
landscape in which the caldenes and grasses grow.
The fauna is represented by species entered by Luro like red
deers and wild boars, which adapted and spread in the forest
environment. Among the autochthonous species there are pumas,
wild cats, gatos del pajonal (cats from scrumbland)
(Felis colocolo), foxes, shunks, ferrets, dwarf weasels
(Ver mamosa), and ophidians like the yarará ñata
(Bothrops ammodytoides) or snub-nosed yarará,
the cross snake (Hippocamelus bisulcus), false
coral, crystal snake and the culebra ratonera
The most representative specimen are fowls; there are more
than 130 different species. Among them: doves, budgerigars,
woodpeckers, chincheros (bug-eater bird), churrinches,
flamingos, teros (var. of lampwing), teros de agua (var. of
lampwing living on water surface), migratory plovers from
North America, hawks, caracaras, Turkey buzzards, ducks and
gooses of different kinds.
From the Reserve gate to the Interpretation Center: the reserve
entrance is limited by two circular columns that recall the
ancient access to San Huberto Farm, and then the large iron
gate that extends toward the fence that surrounds the premises.
Inside, a exquisite fauna can be found in its own environment.
We suggest that you should move slowly and quietly, and sharpen
your senses. By taking the road on the right, you can see
that it separates a dense woodland. After a few meters, still
on the right, it appears the lagoon, that water surface, which
in certain seasons is surrounded by flamingos, ducks and gooses.
By following the winding road, early in the morning or late
in the evening, you may see deers among the trees or surprisingly
encounter a herd of them on either side of the way. Once you
traveled 2,500 meters from the entrance, you will see the
magnificent Castle, and on the right you will find the Interpretation
Center, whose architectural design symbolizes the caldén.
There you will find all the information relative to the Reserve,
displayed in thematic blocks and panes with photos and texts.
Along the circular gallery, the information is approached
in different ways: the wood as a whole, as a natural system,
and how each environment (lagoon, sand bank, wood) is cared
of. Emphasis is given on the fauna species, the natural spots
and the park history, supported with documents and photos,
supplemented and deepened with the projection of a video.
From the Interpretation Center to the natural environments:
in order to understand the natural environments, the Reserve
has three Self-guided Paths for Pedestrians: the Lagoon path,
the Wood path, and the Sand bank path. In front of the Interpretation
Center, on the left, there is a large sign indicating basic
instructions, and during the journey subsidiary signs will
help you understand the environment you are visiting. By following
the path, during the 45 minutes walk (or one hour),
you will find rustic seats made of wood, arranged in attractive
places to have a rest or recover energy; trash containers
are available here. To observe nature, it is necessary to
respect its timetables, the times at which animals are more
active. Their activity increases early the morning or late
in the afternoons, as they walk seeking for food. It should
be born in mind that it is difficult to observe animals in
their habitat without being previously seen, smelled and heard
by them. If you cannot see any animal, probably it has left
signs of its presence like foot prints, crushed grass on which
they rest, food leftovers like eggs and feathers, caves, strong
smells and sounds like breaking branches, indicating their
escape. In order to recognize the trails, the path has signs
that will help you identifying the species. To recognize flora
and birds, the path also has signs with indications.
If you are interested in observing fowls, ask the guide
for the systematic list of fowls (contribution of the La Pampa
National University - College of Natural and Exact Sciences)
If your like to deepen your experiences through observation
(fowls, deers, other species), there are programs conducted
by the interpretation centers operators. You must make
reservations in advance.
Contact: Marcelo Dolsan
Telephone: +54 (02954) 1567-7347
From the Interpretation Center to the Castle and other historical
attractions: the classic building of Estancia San Huberto
farm, called by native people The Castle, is today a National
Historical Monument. As you walk through its rooms and areas,
you can distinguish two stages in the life of The Castle.
The central area and the ground floor are the most ancient
constructions built by Luro, whereas the two lateral wings
reflect the functional changes introduced by Antonio Maura
when he bought the premises in 1939.
The setting recalls the history of San Huberto and stresses
the good taste, sobriety, comfort and customs of that time.
The guide tour starts at the principal room, relating the
surroundings and the furniture with the story of the family
and the reason why it is called San Huberto. It goes on with
the Library, where the cultural atmosphere increases, and
then you will find the dinning room, where Luro offered the
historic lunch that started up the provincial autonomy. Afterward
you will see the bedroom of Luro, Maura and the guests,
all of this coupled with stories and references of historical,
social and cultural interest.
Make reservations at the Interpretation Center.
Maximum number of persons per group: 15.
First tour: 9 a.m.; last: at 5 and 6 p.m., in winter
and summer, respectively.
Other places to visit: The million tank: it can contain 2
million liters of water. The greatest work of Luro, still
in use. The chapel of Virgen de Luján: a panoramic
place. The carriage room: a collection of ancient carriages
bought by Maura (scheduled visits). Stables: a building
refurbished by Maura for breeding polo ponies. Diary:
construction erected by Luro for farming purposes.
Visits to the Reserve: from Tuesdays through Sundays and holidays
from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. during winter, and until 8 p.m. in summer.
Information: Telephone (02954) 42-4404/5060. Fax: 42-1817.
The Reserve: a minimum-value ticket is asked to adults. This
includes a guided tour to The Castle and the use of all premises.
You cannot stay overnight in the Reserve, except in March
or April, when you can see Deers Bellowing, a
program that should be reserved in advance. We strongly recommend
the guided tours to The Castle, which take place
every hour; therefore it is advisable to go early in the morning
so as to enjoy this really beautiful place for a longer time.
The camping area is very well equipped: fire places, grills,
shadow, games for children, swimming pool, restaurant, storehouse
and well conditioned rest rooms. Public telephone in the area.
The nearest health center is located at Ataliva Roca (Tel.
(02954) 49-6021). However, Santa Rosa is located 35 km from
the reserve and the telephone of the hospital is (02954) 45-5000.
Parque Luro Reserve snapshots>>
Casino Club Santa
Located on National highway Nº 5 km 605 (Tel: +54
2954 - 43-1055), the " Casino Club" is considered
the widest and modern in the country. Besides the habitual
games of casino, it has many slot machines, restaurant, snack
bar, Bingo and they are carried out musical shows every weekend.
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