Indian communities from different parts of the Province, still
work the vertical loom science of the «mapuches».
They make «ponchos» and decorated sashes with
mysterious drawings and colours whose meaning has disappeared,
and also can be found on stones of two or three thousands
Beautiful snuffboxes, with brilliant coloured motives, are
made by women with the ostriches craw.
Men work the «caldén» wood with a chisel
and a hammer. With a forge, an anvil, a hammer and their ability
they make wrought iron spurs. They also make knives, «mates»,
loops, whips, hobbling straps, key rings, counting devices,
textures with braids of ten or twelve thin strips of leather
which they sell in the «Mercado Artesanal» of
the pampean capital, placed in Luro and San Martín
The pampean culture has a vast and varied activity developed
by Governmental and non Governmental Organisms giving birth
to expressive and creative initiatives and potentialities
reflected in expositions, theatrical representations, cinematographic
projections, choral encounters, parties, craftsmanship fairs,
and concerts among other activities. The National Cinema Festival,
The International Traditional Jazz Festival, The National
Immigrant Party, and the Provincial Tourism Party, are the
most remarkable manifestations.
Artistic expressions develop all through the year in the capitals
main lounges and also in the rest of the province. Santa Rosa
has an Art Provincial Museum, where works and collective expositions
of national and international recognition can be appreciated.
The Santa Rosa Cultural center is located in the ancient «Mercado
Municipal» building, which was recently restored and
adapted to the multiple activities demanded. Art expositions,
craftsmanship fairs, musical encounters, lectures, projections
in the comfortable auditorium are most habitual activities.
The Provincial Museum of Natural History develops the pampean
natural and anthropological sciences , and it is located al
Santa Rosas downtown near «Español»
theatre and the Justice Court, -three jewels of the historical
events that keep the architectural shapes of the first decade-.
The rescue of the historical-architectural patrimony has among
its exposures the «Pulpería de Feito»,
situated in the urban part of Chacharramendi, where you can
also visit the «Viejo Almacén» property
of Feito family, still working as it did a century ago.
A province to keep on discovering
The Landscape: The tourist who arrive at La Pampa will notice
other features which are not precisely the ones of a plain.
It is true that a fifth part of the territory is an extension
of the «pampa húmeda bonaerense», but it
is also true that in the remaining four fifth parts appear
other physical features.
Beyond the eastern border of the province, we find the pampean
valleys, geographical accidents unparalleled in Argentina
and reminding a hand with its fingers extended, which are:
«Chillihué o Argentino, Nerecó del Tigre,
Chapalcó, Colú Lauquén, Daza, Quehué,
Utracán, Maracó Grande y Hucal».
There is also a mountain range called «Las Mahuidas»
that is part of a very old geological formation which time
has worn away. They enhance the august desert view in the
center of the province, flanking the «Salado-Chadileuvú-Curacó»
river, that flows into the great «Colorado». The
most important range is the «Lihué-Calel Sierra».
Leaving the big «Salado-Chadileuvú» valley
to the west, the basaltic tableland that covers almost the
west side of La Pampa, comes into sight, it is called the
«Payunia» because of the old geological volcanism
that resulted from «Payún and Payún Matrú»
volcanoes. Among the magnificence of the wide black basalt
formations, appears springs of water: «Agua Mora, El
Copel, Puelén, Agua de los Pajaritos», maybe
one of the first stages of the mans passage through
deserts in America. In the North head of the landtable, just
in the curious shape that acquires the North limit of the
Province called «Martillo de la Escondida», the
landscape is similar to that of Cuyo s. There , near
the wonder of the «Agua de Torres» spring, raises
the «Negro» hill, 1.188 meters high, the highest
elevation in the Province.
«Mamull Mapú», so called by the «Mapuche»
indians -old pampean settlers- is the wide stripe that arises
from the limit with San Luis and runs through the territory
transversely with its green and spiny distinguishing
mark. «Mamull-Mapú» means mount, wood region.
This unique formation in the country is known as the «Caldenar»
and it is formed by «caldenes», «chañares»
and «algarrobos». There are a dozen of places
in La Pampa where the trees that stand there were old when
America was discovered and their magnificence is full of legends
and indian or christian traditions that can only be appreciated
when you are in front of them in the solemn loneliness of
the woods. Further more, as a result of the low level of rainfall,
the wood turns into a lower and shrubby vegetation, till it
disappears and gives place to the wood of «jarillas»,
a shrub that symbolizes the american deserts.
Anciently, when the mans hand hadnt yet altered
the splendid ecology that its waters generated, the «Salado-Chadileuvú»
river was the effluent of all courses coming down the cordillera.
A succession of lagoons, marsh-lands and inlets covered thousand
of square kilometers of surface, and today only with the swelling
of the river, the region recovers its old aspect. This system
forms the big lagoons of the center of La Pampa, next to «Lihué-Calel
When the water overflows the lagoons, it comes through the
«Curacó» gap, directly flowing into the
«Colorado», which joins this valley of about a
quarter of a million square kilometers surface with the sea.
On the South, the «Colorado» shares its waters
with Provinces of Mendoza, Neuquén, Río Negro
and Buenos Aires, conforming in its way beautiful views; and
also in its length, engineering works had been constructed
modifying the deserts aspects. With the unpredictable changes
of the «Colorado», a regulating dam was built
serving as a reservoir for the periods of drought or as a
tempering factor for the great affluence of water in the flood
period. The place is a spot of deep prehistoric significance,
right in the middle course of the river. By the incredible
geology of «Casa de Piedra», were signs of the
most antique presence of the man in La Pampa : an indian cemetery
dating from eight thousands years old.
By the dams wall, -the longest one in the country extending
itself 11 kilometers-, the construction created an artificial
lake of 35 thousand hectares, which soon in the future will
be a place for fishing and nautical activities.
Rural Tourism snapshots>>
Tourism at farms or in country areas is a product demanded
by the traveler seeking for a change of environment, something
different, allowing him to recover strengths as well as to
live real experiencies. This is the place for whoever looks
for an exclusive time to be in contact with nature, traditional
life styles and to meet country people.
For almost one decade, this program has been conducted to
open the gates of 18 farms to the tourist. It is oriented
to families and groups of national and international friends.
The basis of rural tourism: is the rural environment, the
natural landscape, the traditions, the local history, the
handicrafts, and the recreational activities.
Features: Land extentions of over 5,000 hectares.
Mixed cattle breeding. Plants far away from the city.
Guest lodging in the main farm house or a country house.
Personal service run by owners and country people.
Country taste attributable to customs and traditions,
and to the everyday plain life of country people. Affable
relationship between host and guest. Contact with country
Some details: in the vast geography of La Pampa, farms are
located near organized communities (Municipality - Welfare
associations). The farms, located in different natural environments,
allow the participants of one activity to have different experiences.
For instance, a ride in the woods or in the plain. When the
premises are located in the same natural environment, you
can participate in different activities like hunting game,
fauna observation or photographic safaris.
Each place provides a unique offer, which constitutes a products
itself. The difference lays in the surrounding landscape,
the activities you can participate in, and the kind of production
of that area in particular.
Regional dishes vary depending on the location, the natural
environment surrounding it, the production and the traditional
ways in which they are prepared. For example: the criollo
barbecue prepared with piquillín (var. of tree) firewood;
or roasted beef, lamb, goat or pig.
Within the gamut of recreational possibilities, the guest
can choose his preferred activity. Examples: participating
in the habitual country activities, visiting other premises
located nearby, which offer different products like dairies
or milk factories. You can also tour the nearest town, visit
a museum or the culture house, observe the work of an artisan
or participate in a traditional feast of a neighbor location.
The rural tourism of La Pampa Province offers:
A real stage, where the plain life of countrymen and
their families takes place. A marvelous landscape to
enjoy nature and breath pure air. A stage plenty of
starry nights, dawns and sunsets. And you will go back
home with the desire to return.
Information: Provincial Department of Tourism: Luro Ave. and
San Martín St. (6300) Santa Rosa - La Pampa - Telephones:
(02954) 42-5060 / 42-4404 - Telefax: (02954) 42-1817
Reservations: it is very important to make your reservation
well in advance and to select the most suitable place to enjoy
your leisure time. You should also consider the behavior of
your family members: are they very active or quiet?, are they
taking a pet?, does the health condition of any of your family
members constitute a medical risk?, is he or she permanently
or temporarily disabled?
Think about your tastes and preferences: do you practice any
sport or use any firearm?, would you like to carry out rural
tasks? May be you are looking for a sleep therapy or just
want to portray nature. Perhaps you would like to read a book
or enjoy swimming in a pool. You can also relax without watching
TV or reading the papers. Every place is different; each one
has its enchantment. They are not hotels run by managers;
with more or less comfort, rural accommodations are unique
places, one different from the other. We suggest that you
should get as much information as possible before making any
decision but, most of all, get ready to enjoy the healthy
life of the country and its unpolluted nature, and the direct
service of owners, a detail that really makes the difference.
Rural Tourism snapshots>>
One of the most remarkable cultural characteristic is food.
The pampean cook has as a first traditional course a barbecue
called «asado criollo», done in its own
skin and roasted with «piquillín» firewood.
In the west you can taste liver roasted in its own fat.
It is also common the Spanish meat stew, and the «pucheros».
As Argentine people came from different parts of the country,
so did flavors of «empanadas», which are prepared
in various ways.
The Italian pasta influenced the pampean cooking tradition:
spaghettis, cannelonis, raviolis, agnolottis are frequent
and the diverse and tasty sauces make the difference with
the original «dry pasta». German and Russian incorporated
milk to the meat, noodles and flour, making food nutritious.
According to historians, cold meats are the product of great
hunger and express the principle of saving in abundance to
have in scarcity. Another typical specialties are the «asado»
of young mare, «piche» in hot ashes, marinaded
La Pampas history is scarcely known although it dates
from remote times in prehistoric times. The first settlers
from South America passed through La Pampa following the routes
of water, and there lived different indian tribes: «mapuches»,
«salineros» and «ranqueles» who made
and conditioned the Argentine history in the past century.
After the war, there was a period of fifty years of settlement
and colonization of «criollos» and «gringos»
, heterogeneously reflected in the toponymy, surnames, in
peoples hair colour. Then, German, Jewish, Italian,
French, English, Irish, Spanish, Arabian came to the uninhabited
pampas. Here they merged their beings, languages, customs,
houses, foods, craftsmanship and works. They settled in three
generations and soon the ones who lived in this land surprisingly
saw that a culture had been created.
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